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Winchester

Winchester city placed in the Anglo-Saxon heartland of South-England. It once was the capital of the Saxon kings of Wessex and it has even been the capital of England till the Norman invasion when London became the capital1.

Winchester is already linked toArthur in Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the kings of Britain . But it isn't called Camelot or the City of Legions yet. Chretien de Troyes mentions Camelot for the first time but also talks of Winchester as an completely separate city.

The first writer who referes Winchester as Camelot is Thomas Malory:

"…and so by adventure it swamm down the stream to the City of Camelot, that is in English Winchester."

Later, when Malory is speaking of Sir Lancelot, Sir Percivale and Sir Ector, he says:

"Then they departed, and within five days' journey they came to Camelot, that is called in English, Winchester. And when Sir Lancelot was come among them, the King and all the knights made great joy of him."

But there are unfortunately no signs of a 6th century castle in Winchester.

Another piece of evidence would be the huge round table hanging in the great hall of Winchester Castle (11th century). But, as investigations from the 70's show, the table dates from the 13th century so we're sure this isn't the original round table.

The reason of this fault is probably an accidental switch of names2. In the 6th century people still used roman names for cities. The roman name for Camelot was Venta Silurum and the roman name for Winchester was Venta Belgarum. It seems rather difficult to mix up those names, but if you translate them into Welsh you get Caerwent for Camelot and Caerwynt for Winchester. These two names are easy to confuse with each other.

So Winchester is certainly not the location of Camelot.